Orchestrate an end-to-end ETL pipeline utilizing Amazon S3, AWS Glue, and Amazon Redshift Serverless with Amazon MWAA

Amazon Managed Workflows for Apache Airflow (Amazon MWAA) is a managed orchestration service for Apache Airflow that you should use to arrange and function knowledge pipelines within the cloud at scale. Apache Airflow is an open supply device used to programmatically writer, schedule, and monitor sequences of processes and duties, known as workflows. With Amazon MWAA, you should use Apache Airflow and Python to create workflows with out having to handle the underlying infrastructure for scalability, availability, and safety.

Through the use of a number of AWS accounts, organizations can successfully scale their workloads and handle their complexity as they develop. This method offers a sturdy mechanism to mitigate the potential affect of disruptions or failures, ensuring that vital workloads stay operational. Moreover, it allows price optimization by aligning assets with particular use circumstances, ensuring that bills are nicely managed. By isolating workloads with particular safety necessities or compliance wants, organizations can preserve the very best ranges of information privateness and safety. Moreover, the power to prepare a number of AWS accounts in a structured method lets you align what you are promoting processes and assets in response to your distinctive operational, regulatory, and budgetary necessities. This method promotes effectivity, flexibility, and scalability, enabling giant enterprises to satisfy their evolving wants and obtain their targets.

This put up demonstrates learn how to orchestrate an end-to-end extract, rework, and cargo (ETL) pipeline utilizing Amazon Easy Storage Service (Amazon S3), AWS Glue, and Amazon Redshift Serverless with Amazon MWAA.

Resolution overview

For this put up, we contemplate a use case the place an information engineering group needs to construct an ETL course of and provides the most effective expertise to their end-users once they need to question the most recent knowledge after new uncooked information are added to Amazon S3 within the central account (Account A within the following structure diagram). The info engineering group needs to separate the uncooked knowledge into its personal AWS account (Account B within the diagram) for elevated safety and management. In addition they need to carry out the info processing and transformation work in their very own account (Account B) to compartmentalize duties and forestall any unintended adjustments to the supply uncooked knowledge current within the central account (Account A). This method permits the group to course of the uncooked knowledge extracted from Account A to Account B, which is devoted for knowledge dealing with duties. This makes certain the uncooked and processed knowledge could be maintained securely separated throughout a number of accounts, if required, for enhanced knowledge governance and safety.

Our resolution makes use of an end-to-end ETL pipeline orchestrated by Amazon MWAA that appears for brand new incremental information in an Amazon S3 location in Account A, the place the uncooked knowledge is current. That is finished by invoking AWS Glue ETL jobs and writing to knowledge objects in a Redshift Serverless cluster in Account B. The pipeline then begins operating saved procedures and SQL instructions on Redshift Serverless. Because the queries end operating, an UNLOAD operation is invoked from the Redshift knowledge warehouse to the S3 bucket in Account A.

As a result of safety is essential, this put up additionally covers learn how to configure an Airflow connection utilizing AWS Secrets and techniques Supervisor to keep away from storing database credentials inside Airflow connections and variables.

The next diagram illustrates the architectural overview of the parts concerned within the orchestration of the workflow.

The workflow consists of the next parts:

  • The supply and goal S3 buckets are in a central account (Account A), whereas Amazon MWAA, AWS Glue, and Amazon Redshift are in a distinct account (Account B). Cross-account entry has been arrange between S3 buckets in Account A with assets in Account B to have the ability to load and unload knowledge.
  • Within the second account, Amazon MWAA is hosted in a single VPC and Redshift Serverless in a distinct VPC, that are linked by VPC peering. A Redshift Serverless workgroup is secured inside personal subnets throughout three Availability Zones.
  • Secrets and techniques like person identify, password, DB port, and AWS Area for Redshift Serverless are saved in Secrets and techniques Supervisor.
  • VPC endpoints are created for Amazon S3 and Secrets and techniques Supervisor to work together with different assets.
  • Often, knowledge engineers create an Airflow Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) and commit their adjustments to GitHub. With GitHub actions, they’re deployed to an S3 bucket in Account B (for this put up, we add the information into S3 bucket straight). The S3 bucket shops Airflow-related information like DAG information, necessities.txt information, and plugins. AWS Glue ETL scripts and belongings are saved in one other S3 bucket. This separation helps preserve group and keep away from confusion.
  • The Airflow DAG makes use of numerous operators, sensors, connections, duties, and guidelines to run the info pipeline as wanted.
  • The Airflow logs are logged in Amazon CloudWatch, and alerts could be configured for monitoring duties. For extra data, see Monitoring dashboards and alarms on Amazon MWAA.


As a result of this resolution facilities round utilizing Amazon MWAA to orchestrate the ETL pipeline, you might want to arrange sure foundational assets throughout accounts beforehand. Particularly, you might want to create the S3 buckets and folders, AWS Glue assets, and Redshift Serverless assets of their respective accounts previous to implementing the complete workflow integration utilizing Amazon MWAA.

Deploy assets in Account A utilizing AWS CloudFormation

In Account A, launch the offered AWS CloudFormation stack to create the next assets:

  • The supply and goal S3 buckets and folders. As a greatest apply, the enter and output bucket buildings are formatted with hive fashion partitioning as s3://<bucket>/merchandise/YYYY/MM/DD/.
  • A pattern dataset referred to as merchandise.csv, which we use on this put up.

Add the AWS Glue job to Amazon S3 in Account B

In Account B, create an Amazon S3 location referred to as aws-glue-assets-<account-id>-<area>/scripts (if not current). Exchange the parameters for the account ID and Area within the sample_glue_job.py script and add the AWS Glue job file to the Amazon S3 location.

Deploy assets in Account B utilizing AWS CloudFormation

In Account B, launch the offered CloudFormation stack template to create the next assets:

  • The S3 bucket airflow-<username>-bucket to retailer Airflow-related information with the next construction:
    • dags – The folder for DAG information.
    • plugins – The file for any customized or group Airflow plugins.
    • necessities – The necessities.txt file for any Python packages.
    • scripts – Any SQL scripts used within the DAG.
    • knowledge – Any datasets used within the DAG.
  • A Redshift Serverless atmosphere. The identify of the workgroup and namespace are prefixed with pattern.
  • An AWS Glue atmosphere, which comprises the next:
    • An AWS Glue crawler, which crawls the info from the S3 supply bucket sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username> in Account A.
    • A database referred to as products_db within the AWS Glue Information Catalog.
    • An ELT job referred to as sample_glue_job. This job can learn information from the merchandise desk within the Information Catalog and cargo knowledge into the Redshift desk merchandise.
  • A VPC gateway endpointto Amazon S3.
  • An Amazon MWAA atmosphere. For detailed steps to create an Amazon MWAA atmosphere utilizing the Amazon MWAA console, seek advice from Introducing Amazon Managed Workflows for Apache Airflow (MWAA).

launch stack 1

Create Amazon Redshift assets

Create two tables and a saved process on an Redshift Serverless workgroup utilizing the merchandise.sql file.

On this instance, we create two tables referred to as merchandise and products_f. The identify of the saved process is sp_products.

Configure Airflow permissions

After the Amazon MWAA atmosphere is created efficiently, the standing will present as Accessible. Select Open Airflow UI to view the Airflow UI. DAGs are robotically synced from the S3 bucket and visual within the UI. Nevertheless, at this stage, there aren’t any DAGs within the S3 folder.

Add the shopper managed coverage AmazonMWAAFullConsoleAccess, which grants Airflow customers permissions to entry AWS Identification and Entry Administration (IAM) assets, and connect this coverage to the Amazon MWAA function. For extra data, see Accessing an Amazon MWAA atmosphere.

The insurance policies hooked up to the Amazon MWAA function have full entry and should solely be used for testing functions in a safe take a look at atmosphere. For manufacturing deployments, observe the least privilege precept.

Arrange the atmosphere

This part outlines the steps to configure the atmosphere. The method includes the next high-level steps:

  1. Replace any needed suppliers.
  2. Arrange cross-account entry.
  3. Set up a VPC peering connection between the Amazon MWAA VPC and Amazon Redshift VPC.
  4. Configure Secrets and techniques Supervisor to combine with Amazon MWAA.
  5. Outline Airflow connections.

Replace the suppliers

Comply with the steps on this part in case your model of Amazon MWAA is lower than 2.8.1 (the most recent model as of scripting this put up).

Suppliers are packages which can be maintained by the group and embrace all of the core operators, hooks, and sensors for a given service. The Amazon supplier is used to work together with AWS providers like Amazon S3, Amazon Redshift Serverless, AWS Glue, and extra. There are over 200 modules inside the Amazon supplier.

Though the model of Airflow supported in Amazon MWAA is 2.6.3, which comes bundled with the Amazon offered package deal model 8.2.0, help for Amazon Redshift Serverless was not added till the Amazon offered package deal model 8.4.0. As a result of the default bundled supplier model is older than when Redshift Serverless help was launched, the supplier model have to be upgraded with the intention to use that performance.

Step one is to replace the constraints file and necessities.txt file with the proper variations. Seek advice from Specifying newer supplier packages for steps to replace the Amazon supplier package deal.

  1. Specify the necessities as follows:
    --constraint "/usr/native/airflow/dags/constraints-3.10-mod.txt"

  2. Replace the model within the constraints file to eight.4.0 or increased.
  3. Add the constraints-3.11-updated.txt file to the /dags folder.

Seek advice from Apache Airflow variations on Amazon Managed Workflows for Apache Airflow for proper variations of the constraints file relying on the Airflow model.

  1. Navigate to the Amazon MWAA atmosphere and select Edit.
  2. Underneath DAG code in Amazon S3, for Necessities file, select the most recent model.
  3. Select Save.

This can replace the atmosphere and new suppliers will likely be in impact.

  1. To confirm the suppliers model, go to Suppliers below the Admin desk.

The model for the Amazon supplier package deal needs to be 8.4.0, as proven within the following screenshot. If not, there was an error whereas loading necessities.txt. To debug any errors, go to the CloudWatch console and open the requirements_install_ip log in Log streams, the place errors are listed. Seek advice from Enabling logs on the Amazon MWAA console for extra particulars.

Arrange cross-account entry

That you must arrange cross-account insurance policies and roles between Account A and Account B to entry the S3 buckets to load and unload knowledge. Full the next steps:

  1. In Account A, configure the bucket coverage for bucket sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username> to grant permissions to the AWS Glue and Amazon MWAA roles in Account B for objects in bucket sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username>:
        "Model": "2012-10-17",
        "Assertion": [
                "Effect": "Allow",
                "Principal": {
                    "AWS": [
                        "arn:aws:iam::<account-id-of- AcctB>:role/service-role/<Glue-role>",
                "Motion": [
                "Useful resource": [

  2. Equally, configure the bucket coverage for bucket sample-opt-bucket-etl-<username> to grant permissions to Amazon MWAA roles in Account B to place objects on this bucket:
        "Model": "2012-10-17",
        "Assertion": [
                "Effect": "Allow",
                "Principal": {
                    "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::<account-id-of-AcctB>:role/service-role/<MWAA-role>"
                "Action": [
                "Useful resource": [

  3. In Account A, create an IAM coverage referred to as policy_for_roleA, which permits needed Amazon S3 actions on the output bucket:
        "Model": "2012-10-17",
        "Assertion": [
                "Sid": "VisualEditor0",
                "Effect": "Allow",
                "Action": [
                "Useful resource": [
                "Sid": "VisualEditor1",
                "Impact": "Permit",
                "Motion": [
                "Useful resource": [

  4. Create a brand new IAM function referred to as RoleA with Account B because the trusted entity function and add this coverage to the function. This permits Account B to imagine RoleA to carry out needed Amazon S3 actions on the output bucket.
  5. In Account B, create an IAM coverage referred to as s3-cross-account-access with permission to entry objects within the bucket sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username>, which is in Account A.
  6. Add this coverage to the AWS Glue function and Amazon MWAA function:
        "Model": "2012-10-17",
        "Assertion": [
                "Effect": "Allow",
                "Action": [
                "Useful resource": "arn:aws:s3:::sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username>/*"

  7. In Account B, create the IAM coverage policy_for_roleB specifying Account A as a trusted entity. The next is the belief coverage to imagine RoleA in Account A:
        "Model": "2012-10-17",
        "Assertion": [
                "Sid": "CrossAccountPolicy",
                "Effect": "Allow",
                "Action": "sts:AssumeRole",
                "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<account-id-of-AcctA>:role/RoleA"

  8. Create a brand new IAM function referred to as RoleB with Amazon Redshift because the trusted entity kind and add this coverage to the function. This permits RoleB to imagine RoleA in Account A and likewise to be assumable by Amazon Redshift.
  9. Connect RoleB to the Redshift Serverless namespace, so Amazon Redshift can write objects to the S3 output bucket in Account A.
  10. Connect the coverage policy_for_roleB to the Amazon MWAA function, which permits Amazon MWAA to entry the output bucket in Account A.

Seek advice from How do I present cross-account entry to things which can be in Amazon S3 buckets? for extra particulars on establishing cross-account entry to things in Amazon S3 from AWS Glue and Amazon MWAA. Seek advice from How do I COPY or UNLOAD knowledge from Amazon Redshift to an Amazon S3 bucket in one other account? for extra particulars on establishing roles to unload knowledge from Amazon Redshift to Amazon S3 from Amazon MWAA.

Arrange VPC peering between the Amazon MWAA and Amazon Redshift VPCs

As a result of Amazon MWAA and Amazon Redshift are in two separate VPCs, you might want to arrange VPC peering between them. You could add a path to the route tables related to the subnets for each providers. Seek advice from Work with VPC peering connections for particulars on VPC peering.

Ensure that CIDR vary of the Amazon MWAA VPC is allowed within the Redshift safety group and the CIDR vary of the Amazon Redshift VPC is allowed within the Amazon MWAA safety group, as proven within the following screenshot.

If any of the previous steps are configured incorrectly, you might be prone to encounter a “Connection Timeout” error within the DAG run.

Configure the Amazon MWAA reference to Secrets and techniques Supervisor

When the Amazon MWAA pipeline is configured to make use of Secrets and techniques Supervisor, it can first search for connections and variables in an alternate backend (like Secrets and techniques Supervisor). If the alternate backend comprises the wanted worth, it’s returned. In any other case, it can examine the metadata database for the worth and return that as an alternative. For extra particulars, seek advice from Configuring an Apache Airflow connection utilizing an AWS Secrets and techniques Supervisor secret.

Full the next steps:

  1. Configure a VPC endpoint to hyperlink Amazon MWAA and Secrets and techniques Supervisor (com.amazonaws.us-east-1.secretsmanager).

This permits Amazon MWAA to entry credentials saved in Secrets and techniques Supervisor.

  1. To offer Amazon MWAA with permission to entry Secrets and techniques Supervisor secret keys, add the coverage referred to as SecretsManagerReadWrite to the IAM function of the atmosphere.
  2. To create the Secrets and techniques Supervisor backend as an Apache Airflow configuration choice, go to the Airflow configuration choices, add the next key-value pairs, and save your settings.

This configures Airflow to search for connection strings and variables on the airflow/connections/* and airflow/variables/* paths:

secrets and techniques.backend: airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.secrets and techniques.secrets_manager.SecretsManagerBackend secrets and techniques.backend_kwargs: {"connections_prefix" : "airflow/connections", "variables_prefix" : "airflow/variables"}

  1. To generate an Airflow connection URI string, go to AWS CloudShell and enter right into a Python shell.
  2. Run the next code to generate the connection URI string:
    import urllib.parse
    host="sample-workgroup.<account-id-of-AcctB>.us-east-1.redshift-serverless.amazonaws.com" #Specify the Amazon Redshift workgroup endpoint
    login = 'admin' #Specify the username to make use of for authentication with Amazon Redshift
    password = '<password>' #Specify the password to make use of for authentication with Amazon Redshift
    role_arn = urllib.parse.quote_plus('arn:aws:iam::<account_id>:function/service-role/<MWAA-role>')
    area = 'us-east-1' #YOUR_REGION
    conn_string = '{0}://{1}:{2}@{3}:{4}?role_arn={5}&database={6}&area={7}'.format(conn_type, login, password, host, port, role_arn, database, area)

The connection string needs to be generated as follows:

redshift://admin:<password>@sample-workgroup.<account_id>.us-east-1.redshift-serverless.amazonaws.com:5439?role_arn=<MWAA function ARN>&database=dev&area=<area>

  1. Add the connection in Secrets and techniques Supervisor utilizing the next command within the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI).

This may also be finished from the Secrets and techniques Supervisor console. This will likely be added in Secrets and techniques Supervisor as plaintext.

aws secretsmanager create-secret --name airflow/connections/secrets_redshift_connection --description "Apache Airflow to Redshift Cluster" --secret-string "redshift://admin:<password>@sample-workgroup.<account_id>.us-east-1.redshift-serverless.amazonaws.com:5439?role_arn=<MWAA function ARN>&database=dev&area=us-east-1" --region=us-east-1

Use the connection airflow/connections/secrets_redshift_connection within the DAG. When the DAG is run, it can search for this connection and retrieve the secrets and techniques from Secrets and techniques Supervisor. In case of RedshiftDataOperator, move the secret_arn as a parameter as an alternative of connection identify.

You can even add secrets and techniques utilizing the Secrets and techniques Supervisor console as key-value pairs.

  1. Add one other secret in Secrets and techniques Supervisor in and reserve it as airflow/connections/redshift_conn_test.

Create an Airflow connection by the metadata database

You can even create connections within the UI. On this case, the connection particulars will likely be saved in an Airflow metadata database. If the Amazon MWAA atmosphere just isn’t configured to make use of the Secrets and techniques Supervisor backend, it can examine the metadata database for the worth and return that. You’ll be able to create an Airflow connection utilizing the UI, AWS CLI, or API. On this part, we present learn how to create a connection utilizing the Airflow UI.

  1. For Connection Id, enter a reputation for the connection.
  2. For Connection Sort, select Amazon Redshift.
  3. For Host, enter the Redshift endpoint (with out port and database) for Redshift Serverless.
  4. For Database, enter dev.
  5. For Person, enter your admin person identify.
  6. For Password, enter your password.
  7. For Port, use port 5439.
  8. For Additional, set the area and timeout parameters.
  9. Take a look at the connection, then save your settings.

Create and run a DAG

On this part, we describe learn how to create a DAG utilizing numerous parts. After you create and run the DAG, you may confirm the outcomes by querying Redshift tables and checking the goal S3 buckets.

Create a DAG

In Airflow, knowledge pipelines are outlined in Python code as DAGs. We create a DAG that consists of varied operators, sensors, connections, duties, and guidelines:

  • The DAG begins with searching for supply information within the S3 bucket sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username> below Account A for the present day utilizing S3KeySensor. S3KeySensor is used to attend for one or a number of keys to be current in an S3 bucket.
    • For instance, our S3 bucket is partitioned as s3://bucket/merchandise/YYYY/MM/DD/, so our sensor ought to examine for folders with the present date. We derived the present date within the DAG and handed this to S3KeySensor, which appears for any new information within the present day folder.
    • We additionally set wildcard_match as True, which allows searches on bucket_key to be interpreted as a Unix wildcard sample. Set the mode to reschedule in order that the sensor activity frees the employee slot when the factors just isn’t met and it’s rescheduled at a later time. As a greatest apply, use this mode when poke_interval is greater than 1 minute to stop an excessive amount of load on a scheduler.
  • After the file is obtainable within the S3 bucket, the AWS Glue crawler runs utilizing GlueCrawlerOperator to crawl the S3 supply bucket sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username> below Account A and updates the desk metadata below the products_db database within the Information Catalog. The crawler makes use of the AWS Glue function and Information Catalog database that had been created within the earlier steps.
  • The DAG makes use of GlueCrawlerSensor to attend for the crawler to finish.
  • When the crawler job is full, GlueJobOperator is used to run the AWS Glue job. The AWS Glue script identify (together with location) and is handed to the operator together with the AWS Glue IAM function. Different parameters like GlueVersion, NumberofWorkers, and WorkerType are handed utilizing the create_job_kwargs parameter.
  • The DAG makes use of GlueJobSensor to attend for the AWS Glue job to finish. When it’s full, the Redshift staging desk merchandise will likely be loaded with knowledge from the S3 file.
  • You’ll be able to hook up with Amazon Redshift from Airflow utilizing three totally different operators:
    • PythonOperator.
    • SQLExecuteQueryOperator, which makes use of a PostgreSQL connection and redshift_default because the default connection.
    • RedshiftDataOperator, which makes use of the Redshift Information API and aws_default because the default connection.

In our DAG, we use SQLExecuteQueryOperator and RedshiftDataOperator to point out learn how to use these operators. The Redshift saved procedures are run RedshiftDataOperator. The DAG additionally runs SQL instructions in Amazon Redshift to delete the info from the staging desk utilizing SQLExecuteQueryOperator.

As a result of we configured our Amazon MWAA atmosphere to search for connections in Secrets and techniques Supervisor, when the DAG runs, it retrieves the Redshift connection particulars like person identify, password, host, port, and Area from Secrets and techniques Supervisor. If the connection just isn’t present in Secrets and techniques Supervisor, the values are retrieved from the default connections.

In SQLExecuteQueryOperator, we move the connection identify that we created in Secrets and techniques Supervisor. It appears for airflow/connections/secrets_redshift_connection and retrieves the secrets and techniques from Secrets and techniques Supervisor. If Secrets and techniques Supervisor just isn’t arrange, the connection created manually (for instance, redshift-conn-id) could be handed.

In RedshiftDataOperator, we move the secret_arn of the airflow/connections/redshift_conn_test connection created in Secrets and techniques Supervisor as a parameter.

  • As closing activity, RedshiftToS3Operator is used to unload knowledge from the Redshift desk to an S3 bucket sample-opt-bucket-etl in Account B. airflow/connections/redshift_conn_test from Secrets and techniques Supervisor is used for unloading the info.
  • TriggerRule is ready to ALL_DONE, which allows the following step to run in spite of everything upstream duties are full.
  • The dependency of duties is outlined utilizing the chain() operate, which permits for parallel runs of duties if wanted. In our case, we wish all duties to run in sequence.

The next is the whole DAG code. The dag_id ought to match the DAG script identify, in any other case it received’t be synced into the Airflow UI.

from datetime import datetime
from airflow import DAG 
from airflow.decorators import activity
from airflow.fashions.baseoperator import chain
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.sensors.s3 import S3KeySensor
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.operators.glue import GlueJobOperator
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.operators.glue_crawler import GlueCrawlerOperator
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.sensors.glue import GlueJobSensor
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.sensors.glue_crawler import GlueCrawlerSensor
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.operators.redshift_data import RedshiftDataOperator
from airflow.suppliers.widespread.sql.operators.sql import SQLExecuteQueryOperator
from airflow.suppliers.amazon.aws.transfers.redshift_to_s3 import RedshiftToS3Operator
from airflow.utils.trigger_rule import TriggerRule

dag_id = "data_pipeline"
vYear = datetime.right this moment().strftime("%Y")
vMonth = datetime.right this moment().strftime("%m")
vDay = datetime.right this moment().strftime("%d")
src_bucket_name = "sample-inp-bucket-etl-<username>"
tgt_bucket_name = "sample-opt-bucket-etl-<username>"
#Please change the variable with the glue_role_arn
glue_role_arn_key = "arn:aws:iam::<account_id>:function/<Glue-role>"
glue_crawler_name = "merchandise"
glue_db_name = "products_db"
glue_job_name = "sample_glue_job"
workgroup_name = "sample-workgroup"
redshift_table = "products_f"
db_name = "dev"
poll_interval = 10

def get_role_name(arn: str) -> str:
    return arn.cut up("/")[-1]

def get_s3_loc(s3_folder: str) -> str:
    s3_loc  = s3_folder + "/12 months=" + vYear + "/month=" + vMonth + "/day=" + vDay + "/*.csv"
    return s3_loc

with DAG(
    schedule="@as soon as",
    start_date=datetime(2021, 1, 1),
) as dag:
    role_arn = glue_role_arn_key
    glue_role_name = get_role_name(role_arn)
    s3_loc = get_s3_loc(s3_folder)

    # Examine for brand new incremental information in S3 supply/enter bucket
    sensor_key = S3KeySensor(

    # Run Glue crawler
    glue_crawler_config = {
        "Title": glue_crawler_name,
        "Function": role_arn,
        "DatabaseName": glue_db_name,

    crawl_s3 = GlueCrawlerOperator(

    # GlueCrawlerOperator waits by default, setting as False to check the Sensor beneath.
    crawl_s3.wait_for_completion = False

    # Look ahead to Glue crawler to finish
    wait_for_crawl = GlueCrawlerSensor(

    # Run Glue Job
    submit_glue_job = GlueJobOperator(
        create_job_kwargs={"GlueVersion": "4.0", "NumberOfWorkers": 10, "WorkerType": "G.1X"},

    # GlueJobOperator waits by default, setting as False to check the Sensor beneath.
    submit_glue_job.wait_for_completion = False

    # Look ahead to Glue Job to finish
    wait_for_job = GlueJobSensor(
        # Job ID extracted from earlier Glue Job Operator activity
        verbose=True,  # prints glue job logs in airflow logs

    wait_for_job.poke_interval = 5

    # Execute the Saved Process in Redshift Serverless utilizing Information Operator
    execute_redshift_stored_proc = RedshiftDataOperator(
        sql="""CALL sp_products();""",

    # Execute the Saved Process in Redshift Serverless utilizing SQL Operator
    delete_from_table = SQLExecuteQueryOperator(
        sql="DELETE FROM merchandise;",

    # Unload the info from Redshift desk to S3
    transfer_redshift_to_s3 = RedshiftToS3Operator(

    transfer_redshift_to_s3.trigger_rule = TriggerRule.ALL_DONE

    #Chain the duties to be executed

Confirm the DAG run

After you create the DAG file (change the variables within the DAG script) and add it to the s3://sample-airflow-instance/dags folder, will probably be robotically synced with the Airflow UI. All DAGs seem on the DAGs tab. Toggle the ON choice to make the DAG runnable. As a result of our DAG is ready to schedule="@as soon as", you might want to manually run the job by selecting the run icon below Actions. When the DAG is full, the standing is up to date in inexperienced, as proven within the following screenshot.

Within the Hyperlinks part, there are alternatives to view the code, graph, grid, log, and extra. Select Graph to visualise the DAG in a graph format. As proven within the following screenshot, every coloration of the node denotes a particular operator, and the colour of the node define denotes a particular standing.

Confirm the outcomes

On the Amazon Redshift console, navigate to the Question Editor v2 and choose the info within the products_f desk. The desk needs to be loaded and have the identical variety of information as S3 information.

On the Amazon S3 console, navigate to the S3 bucket s3://sample-opt-bucket-etl in Account B. The product_f information needs to be created below the folder construction s3://sample-opt-bucket-etl/merchandise/YYYY/MM/DD/.

Clear up

Clear up the assets created as a part of this put up to keep away from incurring ongoing expenses:

  1. Delete the CloudFormation stacks and S3 bucket that you simply created as conditions.
  2. Delete the VPCs and VPC peering connections, cross-account insurance policies and roles, and secrets and techniques in Secrets and techniques Supervisor.


With Amazon MWAA, you may construct advanced workflows utilizing Airflow and Python with out managing clusters, nodes, or another operational overhead usually related to deploying and scaling Airflow in manufacturing. On this put up, we confirmed how Amazon MWAA offers an automatic solution to ingest, rework, analyze, and distribute knowledge between totally different accounts and providers inside AWS. For extra examples of different AWS operators, seek advice from the next GitHub repository; we encourage you to be taught extra by making an attempt out a few of these examples.

Concerning the Authors

Radhika Jakkula is a Large Information Prototyping Options Architect at AWS. She helps clients construct prototypes utilizing AWS analytics providers and purpose-built databases. She is a specialist in assessing big selection of necessities and making use of related AWS providers, large knowledge instruments, and frameworks to create a sturdy structure.

Sidhanth Muralidhar is a Principal Technical Account Supervisor at AWS. He works with giant enterprise clients who run their workloads on AWS. He’s captivated with working with clients and serving to them architect workloads for prices, reliability, efficiency, and operational excellence at scale of their cloud journey. He has a eager curiosity in knowledge analytics as nicely.

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